Thread starter Patchworkpony; Start date 29 April 2014; Prev. 1; 2; First Prev 2 of 2 Go to page. Obtain a urine sample to check for discolouration, Provide vitamin/mineral supplementation under veterinary guidance, Fluids to reverse dehydration and prevent kidney damage, Monitoring and support of heart and lung function. Facts about the Sycamore Tree What can be done to treat atypical myopathy? The disease is more common in the autumn (typically October and November) and often occurs as an outbreak when large numbers of seeds are falling. Clinical signs consistent with the disease, The absence of evidence of other more common diseases such as colic, Dark (red/brown) urine full of muscle pigment, Regularly check for when seeds are falling, Fence off areas where sycamore seeds are likely to fall, Only turn horses out for a few hours each day and keep younger horses furthest away from the sycamores, Provide extra forage (hay or haylage) especially where pasture is poor or grazing is tight, Reducing stocking density so there is plenty of good grazing for every horse. Do not worry about pruning the tree at this point, simply cut off the blooms. As the seeds fall from the tree, any wind will help the seeds to travel slightly away from the parent tree. It was just a seedling. They are tough and sturdy, tolerating extreme weather conditions, pollution, salt and even wet soils. The seeds attach to a long 3-1/2 inch (9 cm) stem (petiole). seed capsules (2-4 cm long) containing two seeds (5-10 mm long). Some horses may become sick after eating only few dozen seeds or seedlings. Apparently all the storms we had helped to blow the seeds further than usual. Step 1 – In response to a case of atypical myopathy on your property: Step 2. – If they become dull or have high muscle enzymes. Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? What was the impact of torrent on the narrator and the wavewalker? Water the sycamore seeds regularly, and prevent soil from drying out. They are bigger than other helicopter seeds at approximately 10–15mm wide with 30–50mm long wings. Working hard on new pictures and new website...watch this space.. Robert Ordidge Guest Book on The Yorkshire Post, We have a couple of spaces left on our gastroscope day next Wednesday -24th April! If you do have Sycamores within 100m of your paddocks then: If you are unfortunate enough to have had a case then you need to take measures to protect other horses from the same property as studies show that they too are likely to have ingested the toxin. Horses often get worse for 24-48 hours before they start to improve so move them to a hospital whilst you are in a position to do so. This year, almost overnight, the sycamore seeds have taken root and now my front lawn looks like a sycamore farm. Exhaustive studies of all trees have not been performed however to date we are only aware of the disease occurring in association with exposure to either the common sycamore or sycamore maple (Acer Pseudoplatanus) in Europe or the Box Elder (Acer negundo) in The United States. Download this stock image: A number of Sycamore seeds that failed to fall from the branch of the tree - RWDFNW from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. What is more likely is that our understanding of turbine theory is lacking. Sycamore seeds like to fall onto mud flats and take root, and "mud flat" describes my garden that spring. “Seeing what he’s like tomorrow” can have disastrous consequences. So one could say that these seeds are breaking the laws of physics. Picture the tree’s limbs hanging over water and the seed falling and floating downstream. You can hardly see the grass; it's unbelievable. Bad weather also seems to trigger the disease probably because more seeds come to the ground and horses graze in the shelter of trees. Seed dispersal basically refers to movement of plant seeds from one point to another. If you wish to stop your sycamore from producing seeds, there's really only one way to do so.  Horses are usually hospitalised for around 5-15 days with the costs of treatment typically being between £1000 and £3000. Family. There were a lot of seedlings in field A which we thought were ash & were only able to identify as sycamore after Jason had died. Sycamore trees can add character to your landscape, with their ashy white bark and lush green foliage. Survival rates have increased as we have learnt to recognise the disease more quickly and can treat it more effectively. It has been estimated that seeds typically spread up to 3 times the height of the parent tree but in extreme weather conditions may potentially travel further. Check for the presence of sycamores around your fields. Then … Platanus occidentalis, also known as American sycamore, American planetree, western plane, occidental plane, buttonwood, and water beech, is a species of Platanus native to the eastern and central United States, the mountains of northeastern Mexico, extreme southern Ontario, and possibly extreme southern Quebec. Seed appearance: Norway maple seeds grow in pairs on a wider angle than sycamore, but not as wide as field maple. Where to find: this non-native tree is often found as a street tree and is widely planted in parks and gardens. Each ball hangs on its own stringy 3- to 6-inch (7.5-15 cm.) These dry, hairy fruits hang in groups of 2-7 and encase small seeds. Value to wildlife. , North Yorkshire We will continue to be vigilantly following rules with respect to social distancing, wearing of masks/visors and minimizing contact between owners and veterinary staff. Horses usually will ingest the seeds and or seedlings when: If you suspect sycamore tree exposure, be certain to alert your veterinarian upon his arrival. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. Typically they get worse for 24-48 hours before starting to improve. Gastroscopes are at a reduced p…, © Copyright 2017 - Rainbow Equine Hospital | Powered by, Preventive Healthcare, Vaccinations and Dentistry, Atypical Myopathy “Sycamore Poisoning” in Horses. But the sycamore seed doesn't have a particularly high ratio and so its efficiency should be rather lower. Sycamore trees are not only fast-growing, but very tall growing trees as well, often reaching between 75 feet and 100 feet tall. Bark: The sycamore has smooth grey bark and develops rough flat surface plates that fall away to reveal orange-brown bark below. Wait until late summer or early fall when your sycamore tree is in full bloom. The two arms are getting a push in opposite directions, which makes the seed spin. Where do sycamore seeds fall? They shed their leaves each year in the fall and grow them back the next spring. In summer winged seeds appear, green at first but turning brown as they ripen. How can I confirm whether my horse has atypical myopathy? Are there any similar species? The paddock HP was in when he fell ill was in the middle with no adjacent trees or hedge. The seeds of the sycamore have two wings, making them spin like a helicopter. Air also pushes sideways on the arms of the spinning seed. Keep in mind that sycamore seeds can fall and spread in an area 3 times the height of the tree. , YO17 6SG, Rainbow Equine Hospital remains fully open and able to provide a full veterinary service for clients, referral vets and their horses in this lockdown phase. Bark of an old Sycamore. Copyright © 2020 Multiply Media, LLC. Prepare planting trays to hold about 20 seeds for germination. Once the sycamore seeds have germinated, thin the seedlings to one per pot after they produce a mature set of leaves. How do you put grass into a personification? In the fall, the leaves turn brown and bury the ground underneath the trees in a thick carpet. Seeds: The sycamore seeds profusely and its winged seeds, set in pairs, usually fall together spinning round like helicopter blades. Birds and wildlife love this native tree and utilize it for shelter and food. Consider moving them to a hospital immediately for further investigations and treatment. Place the tray somewhere that stays between 70 °F (21 °C) to 85 °F (29 °C). Acer species known to produce the toxin include the Japanese maple (Acer palmatum) silver maple (Acer saccharinum) mountain maple (Acer spicatum) and sugar maple (Acer sacharum). The disease is more common in the autumn (typically October and November) and often occurs as an outbreak when large numbers of seeds are falling. However, there are instances when they can also be dispersed with the aid of animals and water. What are 3 quotes from the story Charles by Shirley Jackson? The seed is extremely fertile, so sycamore has spread quickly across the UK and colonised many woodlands to the detriment of native species. Both hospital vet teams and the on the road vet teams are fully working through the current lockdown and are able to provide the usual high quality of care both at your yard and in the hospital. These native to North America trees are easy to recognize, thanks to the bark, which has a camouflage-type appearance. For example, you could release sycamore seeds and measure the distance they travel. Ensure the horses have access to fresh drinking water and aren’t drinking from streams or ponds under trees. 52 views. Press the seeds gently into the prepared seed trays, no more than 1/8 inch deep. twig. The seed balls can be seen hanging on trees by November but the seed doesn’t mature and drop until late winter and spring. Re: What makes a sycamore seed spin as it falls to the ground? Treatment will comprise a range of supportive measures that often necessitate 24/7 veterinary care: Most affected horses that are alive 5 days after the first signs are likely to recover completely. Be careful not to over-water it. Aceraceae (maple) Where is it originally from? The London plane tree, the plane tree, or just the sycamore, are all names for the large, elegant shade and landscape trees most well-known for scaly, multi-colored bark.There are several species of plane tree, but they are all tall and attractive and desirable to have in yards. However, in more severely affected horses the chances of the chances of survival are 50:50 at best so it is vitally important that treatment is thorough and starts immediately. Sycamore Trees need plenty of room to grow … The fruit ripens in November and seed dispersal occurs February though April. Flowers and Seeds. Sycamore poisoning can be fatal Hypoglycin A (HGA) toxin found within the seeds and […] The amount of toxin within seeds and seedlings is variable and susceptibility to the disease varies from horse to horse. Other members of the Sapindaceae family of trees which includes Acers (Maples) may produce the toxin but the common sycamore is the only one that horses are likely to come into contact with in the UK. However, with prompt, aggressive treatment cases can recover very quickly. no. Have been living next door to three sycamore trees for 16 years and never had any problems. Seeds dispersed by the wind are easier to investigate than seeds dispersed by other methods. The disease is less common through the winter and then new cases occur when seedlings start to germinate. This comes from the 1-inch balls that hang from the tree all winter and fall to the ground in spring. 30 April 2014 #31. Atypical myopathy (“Sycamore poisoning”) is a frequently fatal disease of horses caused by eating Sycamore seeds (“helicopters”) or seedlings.  The disease results in muscle damage and particularly affects the muscles that enable the horse to stand and breathe. When one case occurs more will often follow. S. suestowford Well-Known Member. We want to reassure you that we are here to help take care of you or your client’s horses in a thorough and complete way whilst ensuring the safety of our staff and the horse owning public. Leaves: Its leaves often have ‘tar spots’ caused by the fungus Rhytisma acerinum. Sycamore Tree Growing. Some Acer species found in parks and gardens do produce seeds which contain the toxin; however, they do not produce seeds in the same quantity and horses are less likely to be exposed to them. 3:20. Atypical myopathy (sycamore poisoning or seasonal pasture myopathy) is a disease caused by the ingestion of sycamore seeds (‘helicopters’), seedlings or leaves and is often fatal. Sycamore is attractive to aphids and therefore a variety of their predators, such as ladybirds, hoverflies and birds. The heart muscle may also be affected. When the spinning seed falls, air pushes upwards against it. [4] All Rights Reserved. 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