The Codex Azcatitlan is an Aztec codex detailing the history of the Mexica and their migration journey from Aztlán to the Spanish conquest of Mexico.The exact date when the codex was produced is unknown, but scholars speculate it was crafted some time between the mid-16th and 17th centuries. His father, Martín Cortés de Monroy, was an infantry captain of distinguished ancestry but slender means. lake and he set out to build a fleet of prefabricated boats. uncle, Ahuitzotl and was an experienced leader. The real Amazons: How the legendary warrior women inspired fighters and feminists, Tudors in America: how England’s New World colonies came into being, Objects with meanings: How artefacts can give us a new take on global history, Percy Fawcett and the lost city of Z: The history behind the film, Podcast: The Battle of the Atlantic and the history of Spain, 10 things you (probably) didn’t know about the Spanish Armada. Columbus had set sail hoping to … At the end of December 1520, Cortés' army moved toward Tenochtitlán; the boats followed later, transported in pieces overland by 8,000 native carriers. Please enter your number below. Between about 1350 and the 1520s, the Aztecs flourished on the site of modern-day Mexico City. The ship was loaded with the Royal Fifth (the King of Spain claimed 20% of all spoils) of the Aztec treasure they had obtained so far in order to speed up Cortés's claim to the governorship. Cortés faces Montezuma on the great causeway leading to Tenochtitlan. When Cortés was forced to leave the city to deal with a force sent by the governor of Cuba, the mounting antipathy between the Spanish and Aztecs finally exploded, and the Spanish were driven from the city. Click on Pizzaro in the top left hand corner. They applied a warrior tradecraft with lethal proficiency. Retreating to Tlaxcala, he marshalled his remaining forces and allies, not without difficulty, and determined to reverse their fortunes. He had them built in pieces then carried to the eastern shore of Texcoco and assembled there. ... Cortés's victory destroyed the Aztec empire, and the Spanish began to consolidate control over what became the colony of New Spain. The Mexicas called him "the Sun" because of his very blond hair. Cortés’s deification appears to be a combination of mistranslation and later invention, however, and although it is very likely that some of the portents occurred – a comet, an eclipse, a deformed birth – it seems likely that, looking to explain their devastating defeat, the Aztecs retrospectively identified these omens as markers of their downfall. The subsequent events of Cortés's conquest of the Aztec king's domain were defined by Cortés's unshakable desire to deliver that empire to the kingdom of Castile. Less than a week later, he seizes the Aztec ruler and takes control of the city. Hernán Cortés was born in Extremadura, Spain, in the mid-1480s of respectable but undistinguished hidalgo (minor noble) birth. Cuauhtemoc, a young and determined warrior, succeeded to the throne after Montezuma’s unfortunate successor died of the smallpox epidemic that was ravaging the city. traditional way. doomed. 28 April 1521: Start of the battle for Tenochtitlan. Alliances with the Aztecs’ enemies and disgruntled subjects ensured the conquistadors an almost unending supply of warriors, auxiliary support, food and other supplies. An earlier realisation of the extent of the conquistadors’ intentions might also have allowed the Aztecs to marshal resistance and move against them more effectively. During their first few days in the city, the conquistadors were shown both the wonders and horrors of this new world. this time that Cortés wrote his long second letter to the King What deadly disease spread through the Incan empire? You can unsubscribe at any time. Who carried the pieces of Cortés’s ships to Tenochtitlan? Through a combination of brutal force and diplomacy, he gradually convinced many groups to support him and openly defy the Aztecs. A combination of luck, allies and might have enabled Cortés to succeed. Adorned with feathers and paint, the Aztec warriors whirled, dancing and stamping, their song rising in an intoxicating crescendo to honour the gods. After a three-month siege, Spanish forces under Hernán Cortés capture Tenochtitlán, the capital of the Aztec empire. Part 2: Pizarro and the Conquest of the Incas. When the Spaniards first discovered the Inca, how did they communicate? 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