Tropical evergreen forests are found in the western slope of the Western Ghats, hills of the northeastern region, and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Sub-tropical broad leaved hill 9. Utility. India has a rich variety of these types of forests. For the IAS Exam (Prelims and GS-I), candidates can read about other kinds of forests from the links mentioned in the table below: The Littoral forests can be classified into the following types: Littoral Forests in India – UPSC Notes:- Download PDF Here. Sub-Alpine 15. July 13, 2020 by Bhushan Leave a Comment Last Updated July 13, 2020. Contribution of decaying wood to C and nutrient pools of forest soils depends on the tree species and degree of wood decay. What are National Parks? Myristica swamp treefrog, a rare arboreal (living on trees) species endemic to the Western Ghats has been recorded for the first time in Kerala’s Thrissur district. Internal security is the security of country within its borders. Lakshadweep has zero percent forest area; Andaman and Nicobar Islands have 86,93 per cent. A number of twiners and climbers are also found in these forests. Himalayan Moist Temperate 3. Which of the statements given above is/are correct? endobj 3 0 obj Himalayan Moist Temperate 13. Mains level : Western Ghats and its biodiversity richness. 7. Your One-Stop Solution for All round UPSC Civil Service Exam Preparations. They are part of natural vegetation in India. growing in groups that are close together) Plant Adaptations in these areas: Buttresses – Many large trees have huge ridges called buttresses near the base that can rise 30 feet high before blending into the trunk. The forest type of Dibru-Saikhowa comprises semi-evergreen forests, deciduous forests, littoral and swamp forests and patches of wet evergreen forests. Himalayan Dry Temperate E. Alpine Forests 1. It is the largest swamp forest in north-eastern India. Littoral (relating to or on the shore of the sea or a lake) forests occur at several places along the coast. ... A-Littoral and Swamp 2. Littoral and Swamp forests; Tropical Evergreen Forests . �J�U1��rrbN�YZB�N2���l��޾����^M�h��9��;� ��0fơ����0�\qaD"�r��\"��#�h�B�'#���^�S�vg�����߻������$����D���jXN�R�J�Ҧ0Պhs/I(O;�OyZb���{x��(�d�vFf�nR�{O���)�aB|�Ƣ��SS8T�DD�i�,�)�W-��e���d�_5���I}A�4��lj����v���g�o�s�{�KI�'��9�H����Ol�P�t)l���G�?�$���S#���:����8S�_�pY"f ��C1ID�m~-�'p�n_�4K�h����7X_AF� �p�M]�C��)+lWZS� {�:NΠ�J�����;ktb-���f�*0[ՄA�Q�u$�"G\� Which kind of forest is found in Silent Valley of Kerala? Wildlife tourism generates lots of capital , which in turn increases the revenue of the … The Park is renowned for natural regeneration of Salix trees and a safe haven for many extremely rare and endangered species of Wildlife. Littoral and Swamp Forests. Tropical Evergreen forests, Deciduous, Hill forests Thorn, Littoral and Swamp forests; Temperature, Rainfall conducive for the growth of these Forests; Regions they occur/grow; Types of trees grown (general awareness) Economic utilities of these forests; Example: Deciduous Forests found in areas of rainfall 150-200 cm;They are found majorly in Peninsular India; Trees like teak, sal, sandalwood, … The Park is renowned for natural regeneration of Salix trees and a safe haven for many extremely rare and endangered species of Wildlife. Some of the drivers shifting kelp forests into degraded turf reefs are:-Marine heat waves, Strong storms, Expanding tropical herbivores, Gradual warming temperatures, Invasive species and nutrient pollution; Ocean warming and ocean acidification – can cause changes in the microbiome on the surface of Kelp, leading to disease symptoms like … India has a rich variety of these types of forests. India has a rich variety of these types of forests. वनों का वर्गीकरण (Types of Forest in India)...सदाबहार, पर्णपाती MAP C. Littoral and swamp forests: Such type of forests are found along the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and the delta area of the Ganga and the Brahmaputra. The Park is renowned for natural regeneration of Salix trees and a safe haven for many extremely rare and endangered species of Wildlife. Maguri-Motapung Wetland. About 70 percent of this comprises areas under paddy cultivation. The total area of wetland is 3.9 million hectares. According to Champion & Seth Classification (1968) Mangroves are included in Type Group-4 Littoral & Swamp Forests; IMPORTANCE OF MANGROVES. In 2001, the actual forest cover was only 20.55 per cent. Wetlands can be part … ��A�u�N� �Q �i�� ��L1�S;6�A:��A��&�e"�b@�M$�:�46aD4άH��,� Littoral and Swamp means ‘wetlands’. Tropical Dry Deciduous 7. Also in Satpura, Maikal ranges. 1 Types of Indian forests. Freshwater swamp forests:  Important plants found here are Salix Tetrasperma, Acer, Putranjiva, Holoptelia, Cephalanthus, Barringtonia, Olea, Phoebe, Ficus, Murraya, Adhatoda, Canna and a variety of grasses. In this study, a mixed beech forest was selected in Liresa ... DOI: 10.1016/S1002-0160(17)60424-7 Tropical Dry Deciduous 7. The plants in the mangrove forest are typical halophytes which are characterized by presence of prop roots with well-developed knees for support and pneumatophores … endobj They occur in patches and narrow strips along the coastlines. Tag: upsc Internal Security of India. x��Y[o�~���G��("%�rP��^�=�EN����Ak˱����r���g�R�e�-������pfH{��ޏ?�~������{����D%�7��T�������Y�{)���W!l�#U�2��M�f4����L'*�d=��Đ D. Montane Temperate Forests. <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> Kelp Forest Deforestation | UPSC – IAS. The forest is dominated by a variety of large trees with a tendency to gregariousness (i.e. These forests are found in the western slope of the Western Ghats, hills of the northeastern region and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Chilika Lake (in Odisha) and Keoladeo National Park (in Bharatpur, Rajasthan) are protected as water-fowl habitats under the Convention of Wetlands of International Importance (i.e. Of the forest cover, the share of dense and open forests was 12.60 per cent and 7.87 per cent respectively. �����[Y��X�����΀�{ػ)�Ү_مCA"6���B�yi�--+�c0>q,�,�39)��KXӱS�_q���gqh��^Ö؅�|8n��4�=�俏-�Z[�w8��"�L�Axo6YͰlZ��I;#ťfd�� Littoral and Swamp Vegetation ( Mangrove Vegetation/ Tidal Forests) Distribution: In the tidal deltas of Ganga, Mahanadi, Godavari and Krishna rivers, evergreen mangrove vegetation thrives. It consists mainly of whistling pines, mangrove dates, palms, and bulletwood. Littoral and Swamp B. The national park is about 35.84% moist mixed forest, 9.50% degraded forest and 21.25% grassland. Know more about Classroom, Test Series. Tropical Evergreen and Semi Evergreen Forests @ 2:372. The whole association is evergreen in character and occurs in midst of west coast tropical evergreen forest and west coast tropical semi-evergreen forests. National Parks in India are declared under the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. They are IUCN category II protected areas. 9 Wild life … Mangroves in India are 3 percent of its total geographical area. Dense mangroves occur all along the coastline in sheltered estuaries, tidal creeks, backwaters, salt marshes and mudflats. Make a special note … Tropical Thorn C. Montane Sub-tropical Forests 1. Table of Contents hide. Swamp forests are confined to the deltas of the Ganga, the Mahanadi, the Godavari, the Krishna and the Cauvery. Sub-tropical dry evergreen D. Montane Temperate Forests 1. In: Geography Notes. Littoral and Swamp Forest/ Mangrove Forest 21:03 Depending upon the climatic conditions and soil, following types of natural vegetation is found in India: 1. … The amount of annual rainfall has a great bearing on the type of vegetation. From UPSC perspective, the following things are important : Prelims level : Myristica Swamp Treefrog. Rosewood, ebony, mahagony are found here. Read about the Mangrove importance, cover and conservation in India. The former is based on the records of the State Revenue Department, while the latter is based on aerial photographs and satellite imageries. India has rich variety of these type of forest. Tropical Evergreen and Semi Evergreen Forests. These are found in – Sunderban delta, Eastern coastal plain of river Godavari, Krishna, Kaveri, Mahanadi, desert region of Rajasthan and Gujarat, Kashmir and Ladakh, Andaman & Nicobar islands, Lakshadweep islands, Western coastal plains of Malabar coast to … By: admin. Tropical Dry Evergreen 6. Total 3.9 million hectare wetlands. Sub-tropical broad leaved hill 2. Know answer of objective question : The Littoral and Swamp forests are found mianly in. Maintenance of peace and law and order. The area on, or near the shore of a water body. Dry Tropical Forest 1. The forest type of Dibru-Saikhowa comprises of semi-evergreen forests, deciduous forests, littoral and swamp forests and patches of wet evergreen forests. Major tree species of the area are tetrasperma, Dillenia indica, Bischofia javanica, Bombax ceiba, Lagerstroemia parviflora, Terminalia myriocarpa, Mesua ferrea, … It mainly consists of moist mixed semi-evergreen forests, moist mixed deciduous forests, canebrakes and grasslands. The main climatic factors are rainfall and temperature. 14. November 2020 Download PDF. The littoral zone or nearshore is the part of a sea, lake, or river that is close to the shore.In coastal environments, the littoral zone extends from the high water mark, which is rarely inundated, to shoreline areas that are permanently submerged.The littoral zone always includes this intertidal zone, and the terms are often used interchangeably. These are found in soils saturated with water, both freshwater and brackish water. Required fields are marked *. Littoral and Swamp Forests - Definition, Characteristics and Classification [UPSC Notes] Littoral forests and Swamp forests are also called the wetland forests. The production of the lake as a whole is the result of production from plants growing in the littoral zone, combined with production from plankton growing in the open water. In India, littoral forests are found in the saline coast of Rajasthan and Gujarat, along the rivers of Ladakh and Kashmir, Swamps of Northeast India, etc. It is the largest swamp forest in north-eastern India. It consists mainly of Whistling pines, Mangrove, Palms, and Bulletwood. Download Mangroves notes PDF for UPSC … Montane Wet Temperate 2. Sub-tropical dry evergreen. Presently sedges and grasses form the largest component of the vegetation. Tropical Dry Deciduous 3. C. Tropical Rain Forest. The country’s wetlands have been grouped into eight categories, viz., (i) Occur in and around the deltas, estuaries, and creeks prone to tidal influences (delta or tidal forests). 7 forest cover in India - Refer recent report. 11. Tropical evergreen forests found near the equator and in the tropic zones. Tropical evergreen forests are found in the regions that receive annual precipitation of over 200 cm and mean annual temperature above 22 ∘ C 22∘C. • Littoral (relating to or on the shore of the sea or a lake) forests occur at several places along the coast. Forests are the most important components of earth’s ecosystem as it prevents soil erosion, maintains water cycle, check global warming etc. The floor of this swamp is covered by looped knee-roots of Myristica species. They are mainly found in reservoirs of Deccan Plateau, saline coast of Gujarat, Rajasthan, and Gulf of Kutch, Eastern Coast Deltas, lakes and Rivers of Kashmir and Ladakh, Swamps in North East India. The topic, ‘Littoral & Swamp Forests’ is important from GS 1 syllabus perspective. Know answer of objective question : The Littoral and Swamp forests are found mianly in. This article is for tnpsc exams for the topic 'Forest and Wildlife' Types of Forest and Natural Vegetation in India from geography is quite important for most government exams including UPSC and other state government exams.It is essential to know about forest, vegetation, and types of the forest for any वनस्पति कितने प्रकार के पाए जाते हैं. The temperature in these forests is moderate. They are declared in areas that are considered to be of adequate ecological, geomorphological and natural significance. �����FJ��֣����}Ll��~�����N77=�: ����V��֗)��;�o�#�]�,�W��DE�@Y�FANAp�Rx)�d�;*�L��I�%��P��S���1��'�,�[H:6~/���(xk��*� ���'�P��aʒX�ݲ�f;S�e ����XrX�ۄ�ՒQ))xh�T��㱅���㮩��&V��"�哙˹��}ʡ1��`9y&BK��P�]0��w,�p�.�*̜)��[^��w.�2����7ˡ�2[z� p��r�� �߱ӊ�ٝ�> �\TA(p�����}����PD����������~H�:��2\�$��DcՅ�2�CV!H">[LR0I�;��>�a���R|���մ�f7z�L'� �ǣݎ5�.,�;(��(֕��DHz��/^M��̠؍P���Y�;܈���CR�G�V�לDl&J�FG�6G� 6�fꒆ�*�/�o5��'!����ޯ^Խd�mpݔ[��q(��@�F�/�r������.����u�ŕ�|�/qz1h�i��ᬻl$�k����t!k�]{-��G>�l�®4+{�Ā�. They are mainly found in reservoirs of Deccan Plateau, saline coast of Gujarat, Rajasthan, and Gulf of Kutch, Eastern Coast Deltas, lakes and Rivers of Kashmir and Ladakh, Swamps in North East India. C. Montane Sub-tropical Forests. Lakshadweep has zero per cent forest area; … … Inland from the littoral zone one can also frequently identify a riparian zone which has plants still affected by the presence of the lake—this can include effects from windfalls, spring flooding, and winter ice damage. On: April 6, 2019. Tropical deciduous forests are further categorized as the Moist deciduous forests and Dry deciduous forest. B. It is the largest swamp forest in north-eastern India. In this video we will learn about different types of forests in India - 1. India has a rich variety of wetland habitats. 5 montane forest. भारत में वन के प्रकार, Forest in India in Hindi. They have roots that consists of … 8 forest conservation in India. 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